It is without a doubt that the Ambubachi Mela is
a festival celebrated at Kamakhya Devi temple which is located somewhere at the
Nilachal Hill in the Guwahati city which is north-east of the Assam State in
India. It is one festival that sees a large crowd gather at the Kamakhya
The celebration takes place for four days and it
is according to the traditional Hindu calendar in the month of Asaadh. It Is a
Shakti traditional festival, the Mela also sees a lot of Sanyasis when the days
of the festival kicks off at the temple, they are usually carrying out ascetic
ways of devotion. The main aim of the festival is geared towards the rich
fertility of mother earth and honouring it. The festival is witnessed as a
result of the belief of the menstrual cycle of Kamakhya Devi which happens once
in a year and it is held at the Kamakhya Temple all through the Ambubachi Mela
period which is the four days of the festival.
Ambubachi Mela period in 2019
The traditional Hindu calendar gives the date of
the Ambubachi Mela festival as billed to kick off on the 22nd of June, 2019 to
the 26th of June, 2019. The festival will take place in the month of Asaadh
according to the Hindu traditional calendar and the venue is in Guwahati at the
Nilachal Hill. The festival period only starts when the sun enters the Mithuna
Zodiac which is in the month of Asaadh.
The festival is always celebrated in accordance
with the traditional calendar, hence, it is not always observed on similar
dates in the Gregorian Calendar every year. Regardless of the discrepancies,
the festival still falls sometime in the middle of June.
the Ambubachi Mela
The celebration of Ambubachi Mela is always done
in the Kamakhya Devi temple, which is located on the Nilachal Hill and is on
the northeast of Assam State in India. Located at exactly 7km of Guwahati which
is the capital of Assam state is the Nilachal Hill where the festival takes
place. The Nilachal Hill is a place that is believed to have historical
significance because the location since used to be a sacrificial venue of the
‘Khasi’ tribe. There are several other temples of significant importance
located on the hill like: Shiva and ten Mahavidyas. Of all the temples situated
on the Nilachal Hill, The Kamakhya Devi temple is the highest revered.
Celebration of the Ambubachi Mela
The festival takes place in the month of Asaadh
of the Hindu traditional calendar, Ambubachi Mela is always celebrated for a
period of four days in the city of Guwahati in Assam at the Nilachal Hill.
Since it is a festival dedicated to Kamakhya the goddess, it’s attendees are
usually torrents of Sadhus, Sanyasis, both male and female, who are of the
During the first three days of the Ambubachi
Mela, it is belief that the Kamakhya goddess is in her state of menstrual
phase, and as a result of this there is no entry into the sanctum sanctorum of
the Kamakhya Devi Temple. Furthermore, all forms of agricultural works in the area are also
forbidden during the menstrual period, as well as sacred scriptures reading.
There will be no form of religious practice of any kind carried out by any of
the devotees on the first three days of the Ambubachi Mela since the Mela takes
place around the temple. The temple is occupied by Sanyasis of the Shakti
tradition who come together in large numbers in and around the Kamakhya Devi
Temple as they perform their ascetic way of devotion, a way which often
includes jugglery, tantra, and doing extreme things with their bodies. The
Ambubachi Mela can be said to be synonymous with that of Kumbha Mela where
Sadhus will perform daring type of ascetic during the Ambubachi Mela.
The worship of the Kamakhya Devi is in the temple
and is not in a human-shape and form, rather it takes the Shape and form of the
female genitalia, which is a symbol believed to be the reproductive part of
Just the same way the Kumbha Mela, Sadhus remains
unseen throughout the year joins the Ambubachi Mela, and rigorous ascetic
activities will be carried out such as remaining dug in the earth, carrying
really heavy weights with weaker parts of the body, continuously standing for
days and months eventually etc.
The goddess Kamakhya Devi completes her annual
menstruation on the fourth day. The ritual bathing of the Garbhagriha starts
and its done by the temple priests, after the ritual bathing, the devotees can
now enter the temple as it becomes open For all. A huge crowd of people convey
to the temple on the fourth to seek blessings of Kamakhya Devi. A very long
queue of the devotees is formed, the queue
belongs to all sexes, castes, age, and sects.
On the fourth day, tens of thousands of people
are often recorded to visit the temple for the Ambubachi Mela which makes it
arguably one of the most important festival in Assam State and the whole of
India at large.