Aurangabad Caves are situated 10 km away from
the central city of Aurangabad and comprises of 12 rock-cut caves. These caves
constitute of Buddhist Viharas which dates back to the 6th and 8th
century. These caves should not be confused with the Ajanta and Ellora Caves as
they were built during different time periods and are situated at different
The caves are carved out of smooth basalt rock
and is considered to be one of the best work of ancient architecture in India.
The most attractive aspect of Aurangabad Caves is the artificially carved
sculptures. If you love history, art and culture then this is a must-visit
place for you. You can also visit other nearby interesting places such as
Soneri Mahal and Bibi-ka-Maqqbra. There is also an option of trekking around
In order to preserve the rich heritage of the
past, these caves are now under the protection of the Archaeological Survey of
India. The caves are divided into three distinct sections as per their
location. Caves marked from 1 to 5 fall into the first section and are situated
near to the entrance of the complex. The second group constitutes of caves
marked from 6 to 9 and the third section comprises of caves marked from 10 to
12. The first two groups of caves are situated 500 m away from each other and
the last group is situated towards the eastern end of the complex.
More on Aurangabad
History of Aurangabad
The carvings and sculptures in Aurangabad
caves depict the prominence of Tantric Buddhism in those times. In cave number
6 there is a sculpture of a woman wearing ornaments and with an unusual
hairstyle. There is also an enormous statue of Lord Buddha installed in the
cave. In cave number 7, there are
figures of women who are inadequately clad and are wearing ornaments. These
symbolize the rise of Tantric Buddhism during this period.
Aurangabad Caves is one of the most visited
tourist attractions in Maharashtra. A lot of foreigners also travel to
Aurangabad to explore the historic beauty of the caves. You will be fascinated
by the excellent ancient craftsmanship and engineering involved in building
this cave. Till date it is difficult to replicate such architectural work and
to think of the efforts that were put in constructing these caves during those
times is simply awe-inspiring. Unfortunately, few caves are incomplete and it
is assumed that ancient people had to immediately evacuate the region due to
some natural calamity or a foreign invasion.
You should climb to the top of the caves in
order to witness a picturesque panoramic view of the surroundings. If you are
fond of trekking then you should carry out a short trek around the hilly
terrain of Aurangabad Caves. There is
also a statue of Hindu Gods and Goddess installed in the caves including Lord
Ganesha and Durga. The location in and
around the caves are suitable for capturing beautiful pictures and hence, do
not forget to carry a good camera.
Best Time To Visit Aurangabad caves
Winter months are the best time to visit the
Aurangabad Caves. Make your bookings anytime between the months of November and
February because the weather around this time of the year is cool and pleasant
with low humidity.
Tips for Visiting Aurangabad caves
1. You need to climb a steep slope in order to
reach the caves so wear good footwear and comfortable clothes.
you want to enrich your knowledge about the caves then it is advisable to hire
a guide. The guide will provide you with a detailed and interesting explanation
of the iconography and history of the caves.
How to Reach Aurangabad
Aurangabad caves are situated at a distance of
about 20 km from Aurangabad city. The local transport is well-developed in
Aurangabad and hence, you can hire an auto-rickshaw or a taxi to reach the
The city is well-connected to nearby major
cities such as Mumbai and Pune with both private and state bus services.
Bibi-ka-Maqbara is also located 2km away from the caves and you can take an
auto-rickshaw or a bus to reach the mausoleum.
The nearest railway station from Aurangabad
caves is Aurangabad Railway Station and the caves are around 8-9 km far from
the railway station. From here, you can take a local bus to reach the caves.