Positioned at the Apollo Bunder, the Gateway
of India is the most popular tourist attraction in Mumbai. This majestic
structure overlooks the mighty Arabian Sea and the view of the vast expanse of
water is simply breathtaking. Gateway of India was constructed in 1924 in order
to celebrate the visit of Queen Mary and
King George V to Bombay. Designed by the architect George Wittet, this monument
represents a perfect blend of Arabic, Indian and Western architectural style.
In addition to being an important landmark in the city, this region also serves
as a crucial port destination for various ferry services and sea trade.
Also referred to as ‘Mumbai’s Taj Mahal’, the
foundation of Gateway of India was laid in the year 1913 and was inaugurated in
1924. It is built in yellow sandstone and concrete, and also has several
beautiful Hindu and Muslim motifs. Since the old days, this region has been an
important landmark for trade and commerce and was also the point from where the
last British ship left for England after independence. Adjacent to this
structure, you will find the statues of Chhatrapati Shivaji and Swami
Vivekananda. The view of the sea from the Gateway of India is mesmerising,
especially at night when the reflection of the light on the water adds a shimmering
effect to the sea. This monument is not only historically significant but at
the same time is known for its marvellous architecture.
More on Gateway of India
History of Gateway of
In ancient times, the region where Gateway of
India stands used to be a jetty for the fishing community that resided there.
The region was well-connected by different trading centres situated across the
water borders and hence, the British took control of the area for trading
purpose. It was soon renovated to serve as a dock for the visiting British
officials. During the visit of King George V and Queen Mary, it was decided to
build a grand gateway to welcome them. Eventually, the foundation of the
gateway was laid down on 31st March 1913 by Sir George Sydenham
Clarke, who was the Governor of Bombay then.
The design of the structure of finalized a
year later on 31st March 1914 by the principal architect, George
Wittet. The construction finally started in 1920 and it took around four years
to complete the same. The Gateway of India was inaugurated on 4th
December 1924 by the Viceroy, the Earl of Reading.
Design and Structure
The architecture of Gateway of India
represents a perfect mix of Indo Saracenic style and was designed by George
Wittet, who was a Scottish architect. The architecture is a perfect blend of
Hindu and Muslims styles along with a slight tinge of Roman style. Standing
tall at a height of about 26 meters, this monument is built in yellow sandstone
put in place by concrete. There are two huge hallways that can accommodate
around 600 people at one time. The main dome of the structure is 48 feet in
diameter with apex extended up to 83 feet and showcases a defined Muslim
architectural style. You will also find intricately designed honeycomb
structures that support four pinnacles in a symmetrical fashion. From the steps
behind the archway, you will get an amazing view of the Arabian Sea.
Gateway of India is known for its ferry rides.
There are several boat services that connect this region to Elephants Caves. As
you sail through the calm waters of the sea, you will get a breathtaking view
of this monument. You can also travel to nearby tourist spots from this jetty.
The boat rides are affordable and might cost you anywhere around INR 55 to INR
110 per person. The first boat leaves this jetty at 9 am, therefore, plan your
There is a number of ferry rides available to
other nearby places such as Alibaug and Elephanta Caves. The timings of the
ferry services are given below:
1. Elephanta Caves
The departure of the
first boat: The first boat departs at 9 am and after that,
you will find boats at regular intervals of 30 minutes.
The last boast to Elephants Caves departs at
2: 30 pm.
Charges per head: INR 120per individual and additional INR
10 for getting a seat on the top of the
There is a number of ferry services available
to Alibaug from Gateway of India Jetty and details of the same are listed
Charges per head: INR 135 for the Main Deck, INR 135 for the Upper Deck
Restaurants near Gateway of India
The area around Gateway of India is packed
with food joints and restaurants that serve mouthwatering Marathi cuisines. You
can also visit fancy restaurants and dine like a royal at Oberoi Trident, Taj
Palace, or Indigo.
Since this monument is located in South
Bombay, you can visit other fancy cafes such as
Leopold Café, Cafe Mondegar, Pizza by the Bay, and many more. You should
also head to Bademiya which is known for scrumptious street food, that too
during late night. Here, do not forget to try the famous Kheema, Baida Paav and
How to Reach Gateway of
Situated on the Southern end of the city, the
Gateway of India is easily accessible from the majority of places in South
Bombay via bus, cabs and taxis.
By Train: The
fastest and the cheapest way to get to Gateway of India is by Mumbai Locals.
You will have to travel to either Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST) on the
Central and Harbour Lines or Churchgate on the Western Line. From here, you can
take a taxi or hire a cab to reach Gateway of India.
By Taxi / Car: For those travelling to this place fromBandra should take the Bandra Worli Sea Link that connects it with
South Mumbai. You can also travel to South Mumbai via Eastern Freeway in
By Bus: Travelling to Gateway of India from suburbs by
bus is not a good option. However, once you reach South Mumbai, you can take
bus 111 or 112 to reach the gateway. Alternatively, you can take any bus headed
to R.C. Church, Colaba Depot or Navy Nagar. De-board at Regal and walk up to