National Gallery of Modern Art, Mumbai, Mumbai Overview
For those who love art and paintings, a visit
to the National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA) in Mumbai is a must. Built
sometime around 1996, this art gallery houses an exquisite selection of
sculptures, paintings and artefacts. A wide variety of artwork exhibited in
this gallery attracts millions of visitors across the globe all round the year.
The gallery is situated very close to Regal Cinemas in Colaba in South Mumbai.
Managed by Department of Culture of Government
of India, the gallery has gained prominence due to its extraordinary plastic
and visual artworks. Interestingly, NGMA houses artworks belonging to eminent
artists, sculptors and painters, including the paintings of renowned artist
Pablo Picasso. The gallery also includes the oldest artwork, which is
supposedly 160 years old. There are also ancient artefacts in the gallery
including mummies of Egyptian culture.
The art lovers should attend exhibitions and
workshops organized by the NGMA. It provides an amazing opportunity for the
various artists to showcase their brilliant work and to interact with the
eminent artists both on the national and international level.
More on National
Gallery of Modern Art, Mumbai
History of National Gallery of Modern Art
The main objective behind the construction of
the National Gallery of Modern Art in Mumbai was to encourage the research and
higher studies in the field of Modern Art, simultaneously preserving the
ancient artworks of India. Additionally, it also emphasized on dynamic global
trends in the art, starting from ancient art to the contemporary form of art.
The idea of NGMA was proposed and executed by
Jawaharlal Nehru along with Humayun Kabir, Maulana Azad and the art community
in India. The first gallery of NGAM was inaugurated on 29th March
1954 in New Delhi by S.Radhakrishnan who was the Vice President then. There
were also eminent sculptors present during the auspicious inauguration ceremony
including Sarbari Roy Chowdhury, Sankho Chaudhuri and Debi Prasad. The
architecture of NGMA was inspired by the Central Hexagon and was designed by
Sir Arthur Bloomfield. Gradually, NGMA expanded and opened its branches in
Bangalore and Mumbai.
Formerly known as Sir C. J Hall in early
1960s, the National Gallery of Modern Art served as a venue for concerts, trade
union meetings, wedding gatherings and boxing matches. During the inauguration
ceremony of NGMA, Progressive Artists’ Group organized an exhibition of their
brilliant artworks and paintings. There were also multiple protests organized
by renowned artists such as Kekoo Gandhy and Piloo Pochkhanawala to build a
floor space in NGMA comparable to London’s Royal Albert Hall. After a long
renovation work which lasted for about 12 years, the gallery was finally ready
to start its exhibitions. As soon as it opened for the public in 1996, it
gained a lot of attraction from people all over the country and artists
belonging to different communities.
The gallery comprises of 5 exhibition halls, a
cafeteria, library, auditorium, where lectures are held, a storeroom, and an office
room which is used to conduct travel related shows. You will be mesmerized by
the variety of artworks displayed in the gallery and a few of then are as old
as a hundred years. The artworks here are in the form of both plastic and
Collection in the National Gallery of Modern Art
The gallery of modern art is a paradise for
art lovers as it has an exceptional collection of contemporary art, both in the
form of visual and plastic arts. Brilliant artwork of eminent artists are put
on display at this gallery and names of few of those artists are given below:
Oil on Canvas: You will be fascinated to know that the
gallery houses artworks by Shankar Palsikar, K.K. Hebbar, M.F. Husain, Akbar
Padamsee, Laxman Shrestha and Shivax Chavda.
Water Color on Canvas: The gallery has paintings by S.H. Raza,
Ambadas, Gaganen K.H Ara, and F.N. Souza.
Important Artworks in
the National Gallery of Modern Art
The NGMA in Mumbai houses around 14,000
artistic works of renowned international and national artists including F.N
Souza, Pablo Picasso, Thomas Daniel, Rabindranath Tagore, Amrita Shergill, M.F
Hussain, Nandalal Bose, Raja Ravi Verma, Jamani Roy and many other artists.
Few of the enchanting artworks present here
Amrita Sher-Gil’s European Style artwork
Paintings depicting the terrible condition of Bengal Famine of 1943 made by ‘Calcutta
‘Blue Lake’ by Prabhakar Barwe
Young Turks Group artistic works
Abstract Art by Krishen Khanna
Eric Bowen’s playful use of colours
Artworks by Jehangir Sabavala
In addition to the paintings, the gallery also
houses sculptors by eminent sculptors including Pradosh Dasgupta, Ramkinkar
Baij, Meera Mukherjee, Dhanraj Bhagat, and many alike.
Art Exhibitions at National Gallery of Modern Art
The National Gallery of Modern Art in Mumbai
hosts a lot of art exhibitions and cultural exchange programs that enable the
professionals and amateur artists to showcase their exceptional talents. Few of
the popular and successful art exhibitions hosted at NGMA are Video sculpture in
Germany, Ideas and images VI- The art in Mumbai, and The photograph: Painted,
posed and of the moment.
How to Reach National Gallery of Modern Art, Mumbai?
The modern art gallery is well-connected by
different means of transportation from any part of Mumbai. The closest railway
station is Churchgate on the Western Line and CST on the Central rail line.
From here, you can easily get an auto or a bus to reach the gallery. Bus No.
14, 69, 101, 130 can be taken from CST and from Churchgate, you can take bus 70,
106, 122, 123, 132 or 137.