Built in the
year 1633, the Nishat Bagh in Srinagar is a garden with 12 terraces. It houses
abundant greenery and has lots of beautiful trees and colorful flowers. It is
quite near to the serene Dal Lake. The bagh features a Mughal central water
channel. There are plenty of fountains in the bagh. The entire bagh is built
among Chinar trees. It is also the second largest garden built by the Mughals,
the first being Shalimar Bagh.
The Nishat Bagh
was built by the elder brother of Nur Jehan, Asif Khan. One can easily watch
the Zabarwan Mountains behind the bagh. The Nishat Bagh is a great example
planning and architecture that overlooks the lake at the foot of the Pir Panjal
mountain range. Every years, thousands of tourists and locals visit the
beautiful garden just to enjoy the sight in and around it and to take amazing
snaps that make memories of a lifetime.
The design of
Nishat Bagh matches the design of Persian gardens. The architecture is a great
mix of designing and and planning. The challenges posed by the climate of
Kashmir was taken care of. The garden was built keeping in mind the terrain and
water patterns that are characteristic of the Kashmir valley. You will notice
that as you move towards the inner area of the garden, the land height
increases slightly. The garden is further divided in between by a stream of
water. There is a raised embankment on each level of the garden. The
embankments have a range of kaleidoscopic flowers that you can take beautiful
garden is maintained well. The floor has lush green grass and you will find
beautiful flowers of all colors imagined throughout the vast area of the
garden. You find plenty of Chinar trees, as well as those of almond and cyprus.
The garden overlooks the beautiful Dal Lake. Visit the gaden to have a look at
the magnifience of the Mughal architecture and to catch a glimpse of the
beautiful Kashmir valley. This is one of the most popular historical structures
More on Nishat Bagh
History of Nishat Bagh
The Nishat Bagh was built during the Mughal era in the year
1633. It was designed by Asif Khan, the elder brother Nur Jehan, who was one of
the wives of Jahangir.
It is said that the then Mughal Emperor Jahangir was in Kashmir
and he decided to visit the garden in 1633. Upon watching the magnificence of
the the beautiful garden, he asked Asif Khan to gift him the garden. Now, the
garden was very dear to Asif Khan who had put his heart and soul into building
it. He denied to gift it to the Mughal Emperor. Infuriated at the denial,
Jahangir immediately ordered to turn off the water supply so the garden would
lose its sheen. Watching all his efforts go down the drain, Asif Khan became
shattered and eventually lost interest in everything. Upon seeing this condition
of Asif Khan, one day, one of his loyal servants discreetly turned on the water
supply from Shalimar Bagh. When Asif Khan got to know this, he became worried
that Emperor Jahangir might take serious action against him. He ordered his
servant to immediately turn it off. However, when Jahangir got to know of this
incident, he did not get angry. Instead, he was very impressed with the
servant’s loyalty towards his master Asif Khan. Jahangir gave orders to give
complete restoration rights of the water supply of the garden to Asif Khan.
Architecture of Nishat Bagh
The Nishat Bagh in Srinagar is built on the shore of the Dal
Lake. It features 12 broad terraces that start from the shore of the lake and
continuously ascend to the hill. Each terrace represents a Zodiac sign. The
bagh has two sections, known as the public garden and the Shalimar Bagh, which
is the private garden.
There is a beautifully designed central canal with several
fountains in the Nishat garden. It is four meters deep. Each terrace serves its
own purpose. The first terrace acts as a reservoir and collects water. The
second terrace has five fountains. It can be accessed through a gate. The
fountains in the park receive water from the third terrace. There is a drainage
that the water collected here to the first terrace. The chute has five arched
openings which can be reached by a stairway that leads straight to the third
terrace. The fourth terrace located just above it has a water channel and a
square pool. People can sit on the fifth terrace. It has a bench from where
tourists can get a picturesque view of the entire garden, the lake and the
mountains behind it. The following two terraces – sixth and seventh – have five
water fountains. There is a water chute on the eighth terrace. There is an
octagonal bench on the ninth terrace.
One can reach the tenth terrace by a stairway. It can be found
the walls where water chute with fountains are present. There is a separate
pathway to the eleventh terrace. It has a total of twenty-five fountains and
features a pool as well. The last fountain, i.e. the twelfth fountain, is
called the Zanana Chamber. There is a
5.5-meter high wall in front of this terrace. The wall has blind arches.
The lower terraces can be viewed from two small octagonal
towers, which are built on either side of the retaining walls.
Photography is allowed
in the Nishat Bagh. Tourists pour in from all parts of the country and beyond
to watch the architectural masterpiece and take photos with them.
How to Reach Nishat Bagh
Nishat Bagh is built
along the shore of Dal Lake. It is therefore easily accessible. Buses and
auto-rickshaws are available throughout the day. If you are planning to visit
multiple places within a day, it is advisable to hire a private cab.