Jaipur, situated in the state of
Rajasthan, is a major tourist place attracting visitors from every corner of
the world. Bounded by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II on 18 Nov 1727, the pink city
comprises a rich culture, history and massive natural beauty. Jaipur was ruled
by many Rajput rulers. For example- Sawai Pratap Singh (From 1764 till 1803),
Sawai Ram Singh II (from 1835 till 1880), Madho Singh II ( From 1861 till 1922)
and Sawai Man Singh II ( From 1911 till 1970). They were among the major rulers
who kept the legacy of the city alive. As per 2011 census, the population of
the city is 3,046,189 and literacy rate is 76.44%. The population comprises
Hindus, Jains, Muslim, and others.
Do you know originally Amber the
capital city of Maharaja Jai Singh’s kingdom? But, Maharaja felt the need to
shift the capital city to Jaipur for the safety reasons as Mughal king Bahadur
Shah Zafar (24 October 1775 – 7 November 1862) was expected to attack after the
death of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. Jaipur City was built because of Maharaja’s
keen interest in protecting his Amber against the attack of overseas powers.
Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II took the advice of the chief architect and planner
of Jaipur- Vidyadhar Bhattacharya to design the Pink city.
Jaipur is a major part of the
Golden Triangle tourist circuit and serves as a gateway to other popular
tourist places in Rajasthan like Jaisalmer, Udaipur, and Jodhpur. The city is
popular for steady purpose as well. The pink city is very peaceful and several
Indian families prefer to send their kids to Jaipur for higher education. At
this time Jaipur has 55+ Management colleges, 80+ engineering colleges, 20+
Pharmacy colleges, 6+ dental colleges, and 3 medical colleges.
More on Pink City
History of Pink City
Jaipur, the capital city of
Rajasthan was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II in 1727 AD. The construction
of the city begun in the year 1727 and it took about 4 years to complete the
major palaces, squares, and roads. Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh who ruled from
1699-1744 was a Kachwaha Rajput. Jaipur city designed by a skilled architect
Vidyadhar Bhattacharya as per “Hindu architecture”. The city is full of
renowned forts, lovely temples, and enchanting palaces. The pink city was
divided into 9-blocks, two consist the state palaces and buildings while the
remaining 7 allotted to the public. With seven strong gates, vast fortification
walls were made along.
The directions of each market and
street are East to West and North to South. The Eastern and the Western Gates
are called Suraj and the Chand pole respectively. Only three gates facing East,
West, and North including Zorawar Singh gate (Also known as the Northern gate)
which faces toward the inherited capital of Amber and many gates face south. At
present, most of the parts of the Jaipur city are being reconstructed to make
way for metro and other infrastructure, but the beauty and essence of the City
remain intact through its culture and art.
Every year on Jaipur Foundation
Day, the rich culture and heritage of Rajasthan State are celebrated with pomp
and show. There are a variety of cultural programs in the form of music, dance
and other ceremonies. What charmed tourists and travelers are the culture,
traditions, architecture, art, textiles, and jewellery of Jaipur.
Important Structures in
the Pink City
Jaipur, founded in 1727 by Maharaj
Jai Singh II, is one of most favorite tourist destinations of India for a wide
range of reasons. For example- The rich history of Jaipur and the bits and
pieces of this history in the form of Jaipur forts, monuments, places, and
historical sites are an awe-inspiring factor for the popularity of Jaipur City.
Have a look some of the top tourist attractions in Jaipur:-
Built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh,
City Palaceis a blend of Mughal and Rajasthani
architecture. This captivating place is surrounded by roomy courtyards, temples
and beautiful gardens. It boasts of nine remarkable structures: 1) the Govind
Dev Ji temple, 2) the Maharani Palace, 3) Diwan-E-Aam, 4) the BagghiKhana, 5)
Pritam Niwas Chowk, 6) Diwan-E-Khas, 7) the Chandra Mahal,8) Mubarak Mahal and
9) the Entrance Gates. There are many buildings in the complex such as an
appealing arms & weapons museum. Entry Fee: Rs 75 for Indian Nationals while
Rs 300 for Foreigners
Completed in the year 1799, this
prominent structure constructed with pink and red
sandstone. The Palace of the Winds was built by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh for
royal ladies to view the streets of Johari Bazaar. Watch this palace luminously
lit up at night or you can visit during the daytime to find its chambers
illuminated with many different colors. Entry Fee: Rs 50 for Indian Nationals
while Rs 200 for Foreigners.
3. Jantar Mantar
One of the most popular and most visited
monuments of Jaipur, Jantar Mantar is the name given to five wonderful
structures built in Jaipur, Ujjain, Varanasi, Mathura, and New Delhi. The
Jantar Mantar is one of 5 such structures and all these five structures built
by Maharaja Jai Singh in 1727-33. The ‘Jantar Mantar’ term is derived from the
Sanskrit terms ‘Yantra’ meaning ‘instruments’ and ‘Mantra’ meaning ‘formula’.
The term ‘Yantra’ was replaced with ‘Jantar’ means ‘magical’.
4. Albert Hall Museum
This oldest museum of the state
was opened in 1887 to the public, The Albert Hall is situated in Ram Niwas
Garden just outside the city wall opposite New Pole or New gate and has the
feature of having its foundation stone laid down by King Edward II. Albert
Hall, The building is a brilliant example of Indo-Saracenic architecture and
was designed by Sir Samuel Swinton Jacob. Entry Fee: Rs 40 for Indian Nationals
and Rs 200 for Foreigners
Built by Raja Man Singh in 1592,
Amer Fort is located in Amer, which is a part of Jaipur. The Fort is prominent
for its Hindu characteristics in terms of design and architecture, very much
resembles a grand temple. This is one of many historical monuments in the pink
city and was considered as the stronghold of the great Rajput Maharajas. So,
this iconic attraction of Jaipur should be on your itinerary.
An impressive structure lies on
the top of the ‘Cheel ka Teela’ hills; Jaigarh Fort was designed by Vidhyadhar
who was a professional architect. It reflects the wealthy past of the city and
is named after Sawai Jai Singh II who built it. This fort is sought out for its
imposing architectural qualities and provides picturesque views of the Aravalli
Range. You can explore Lalit Mandir, Laxmi Vilas, Aram Mandir and Vilas Mandir
here. Entry Fee: Rs 35 for Indian Nationals and Rs 85 for Foreigners
7. Nahargarh Fort
Built-in 1734 by Maharaja Sawai
Jai Singh II, Nahargarh Fort is located in the Aravalli Hills (one of the
oldest mountain ranges of the world). It provides you a wonderful view of the
picturesque surroundings and is renowned for its extended wall which connects
it to the Jaigarh Fort. Nahargarh means ‘abode of tigers’, was initially named
Sudarshangarh Fort and was given a new name, Nahargarh later.
Gates of Pink City
Entry gates of the Jaipur city are
hard to miss. The gates are named Suraj Pol, Chand Pol, Ajmeri Gate, Ghat Gate,
New Gate, Sanganeri Gate, and Dhruv Pol. These gates marked the outer periphery
of the pink city as laid out by Sawai Jai Singh II. At present time, these
gates are just symbolic; part of the city’s history and a key element of
Jaipur’s rich architectural legacy. Take a detailed look here:
Pol: Located along the
east-west axis of the Jaipur city, Chand Pol translating to ‘Moon Gate’. It has
a 25 feet spire that rises from the structure.
Pol: Translates to Sun Gate,
Suraj pol forms the gateway to the popular sun temple built by Sawai Jai Singh
and towards Galta Ji further.
Gate: Also known as Kishanpole
because Ajmeri Gate opened up on the road leading to the town of Ajmer.
Gate: 2nd gate of the southern
rampart, New Gate was earlier a secretive gateway but later it increased in
size by the Sawai Ram Singh II.
Gate: Located in the southern
Ramparts of the Pink city, Sanganeri Gate is also called Shiv Pol due to the
royal Shiv Mandir is situated close by.
Gate: Also known as the Ram
Pol, this is the way towards the Ramganj Bazar and Ramchandra Ji Chowkri.
Pol: The Northernmost Gate of
the Jaipur city, Dhruv Pol is called the Zorawar Singh Darwaza.
Some of the other smaller but
popular gates include Samrat Pol, Ganesh Pol Ganga Pol, Chanpori Pol, Char
Darwaza, Tripolia and Naqqarwala, which are situated inside the city.
Best Time To Visit Pink
November and February months are
the best to visit Jaipur. During these months, the weather is pleasant and
allows you to explore the place and its tourists’ attractions without the
scorching heat of the sun. The worst time to visit the city is Monsoons (start
in July and ends in September).
Shopping At Pink City
An important activity here in
Jaipur is shopping. The bazaar near City Palace is well-known for souvenir
shopping and you can buy handicrafts, ethnic wears, antiques,etc., from here
much more here. Bapu Bazaar is famous for exquisite textiles, perfumes,
handicrafts, products made from camel skin and traditional Rajasthani footwear
known as ‘mojaris’. Apart from this, you can buy glittering jewelry pieces from
Johari Bazaar. In addition to this, Kishan Pol Bazaar is famous for its
expansive textile and tie-dye cloth bandhani while Tripolia Bazaar is for
household items such as domestic kitchen utensils, products made of iron,
trinkets, and textiles.
Tips For Visiting Pink
If you are planning to visit this
beautiful city in summers, ensure to carry lots of water, sunscreen lotion, and
How to Reach Pink City
About 250 km away from Delhi while
225 km from Agra; the pink city of India is well connected to all major cities
through air, roadways, and rail. You can easily find cabs, taxis, and buses to
and from Jaipur. You can find many taxi rental options from cities like Agra