at a distance of 66 km away from the city of Udaipur, Rajsamand Lake is one of
the most popular tourist attractions in the Mewar region. Also known as
Rajsamudra Lake, this lake was constructed by Maharaja Raj Singh in the 17th
century and is built adjacent to the dams that were built across the Kelwa,
Gomathi, and Tali rivers. The lake has a total catchment area of about 196
square miles and is filled with sparkling clear water. The beauty of the lake
is enhanced during the sunset when the fading rays of the sun kiss the water
surface and create a picturesque view of gleaming water.
reservoir is surrounded by the cities of Kankroli and Rajnagar and the major
source of water supply to this lake is the River Gomthi. As you head to the
south of the lake, you will be mesmerized by the sight of a massive embankment
made of white marbles. The place is beautifully constructed with sprawling
terrace and a staircase that leads to the side of the lake water. There are
also five ‘toranas’, weighing arches, where the Maharaja used to weigh himself
in gold and distributed the same among the Brahmins. The descendants of
Maharaja Raj Singh continued this tradition after his death as well.
is prone to excessive heat of the summer months and hence, dries up during
periods of severe drought. However, during monsoons and winter months, the lake
provides an ambience of tranquility where you can relax with your family and
friends. The cool breeze blowing around the lake and sparkling white marble
structures, with pristine water in the backdrop, makes this place an awesome
weekend getaway for those residing around.
More on Rajsamand Lake
History of Rajsamand
The Rajsamand Lake is built right next to the
dams that were constructed across the three rivers namely, Kelwa, Gomthi, and
Tali. These dams were established in the year 1676 by the local ruler Maharaja
Raj Singh I in order to protect his subjects from the severe drought that had
surfaced the region. The main objective behind constructing the dams was to
provide employment to the grief-stricken and poor peasants who were adversely
affected by the famine. This construction is the oldest known relief work in
Rajasthan and is known to have cost around INR 4 million.
Under the supervision of the Princess
Charumati, the arches and the white marble pavilions were constructed near the
lake which symbolizes a token of appreciation for the good deeds carried out by
the Maharaja. These structures further embellished the lake and the embankment.
The traditions of Tuladan started only after these structures were constructed.
This tradition was also followed by the heirs of Maharana Raj Singh I. An
interesting fact about this lake is that it served as the base of the seaplane
of the Imperial Airways during the Second World War.
Structure of Rajsamand Lake
The Rajsamand Lake is a massive water
reservoir that is 1.7 miles wide, 4 miles long and is as deep as 60 feet. The
beauty of the lake was enhanced after an embankment was constructed on its
southern end by the Princess Charumati. The embankment is made of white marble
and constitutes beautiful terrace and staircase from where you can descend down
towards the water of the lake. This structure is also known as Nauchowki
because there are nine pavilions present in the embankment.
You will be intrigued by the five weighing
arches called toranas and chattris present at the embankment. The dome-shaped,
umbrellas like chattris are a symbol of pride and honor for the Rajputs. The
walls of the Nauchowki are adorned with beautiful carvings and figurines of
birds, sun, gods, chariots, flowers, etc. The rich history of Mewar is
inscribed on the marble stone stairs that lead into the water of the lake. This
inscription is consists of a total of 107 stanzas that describe the glorious
past of Mewar and is also the longest carving in the entire country. This
carving is referred to as the Raj Prasanti and dates back to the late 17th
Best Time to Visit Rajsamand Lake
The ideal time to visit this lake is during
the monsoon and winter months. Therefore, plan a trip to this lake anytime
between the months of September to February. The weather is pleasant and the
cool breeze will enhance the tranquility around. Do not travel to this place in
summer months as you don’t want to get trapped in the scorching heat of
Tips for Visiting Rajsamand Lake
1. A trip to Rajsamand lake is short and
mainly lasts for 2-3 hours. So, it is advisable to plan a trip to other nearby
places namely, Rameshwar Mahadev Mandir, Dwarkadhish Temple, Neelkanth Mahadev
Ji Temple, Shree Chhapariya Bheru Mandir, Kalka Mata ka Mandir, and Hanuman
2. You should be cautious while you travel to
this lake during monsoons as the area becomes slippery.
3. There are no eateries and general stores
nearby so it is advisable to carry water bottles and snacks. You can also
organize a picnic at this spot but do not litter around.
How to Reach Rajsamand Lake
Rajsamand Lake is situated near to the cities
of Rajnagar and Kankroli and is about 66
km away from the famous city of Udaipur. The city is well connected by roadways
from cities like Jaipur, Delhi, and Udaipur. You can easily hire a taxi or take
a bus from these cities to reach the lake.