Jain Temple complex is one of the largest Jain temples in the country and is of
immense religious significance to the Jain devotees. The complex is spread over
a vast expanse of an area covering about 4,500 sq. yards and constitutes 29
halls. It is an architectural marvel and also finds its place among the 77
wonders of the world. The brilliant structure and design of the temple reflect
the rich culture of the bygone era and hence, is of great interest to tourists
and pilgrims across the globe.
temple was constructed during the reign of the generous ruler, Rana Kumbha in
the 15th century. It is devoted to the first Jain Tirthankar, Lord
Adinath and comprises four major shrines. A wealthy and popular merchant named
Dharna Shah proposed the idea of building this structure. The architecture of
Ranakpur Temple is inspired by the architectural style of Mirpur Jain Temple
situated in Mirpur town of Rajasthan.
fascinating feature of this shrine is its
‘chaumukha’ design, which literally means four faces. This design is
beautifully carved out of single marble rock with great detail. The pillars of
the temple also change its color as the day passes. Moreover, no two pillars
have similar carvings. The two large bells in the prayer hall that resonates
with a harmonious sound as they are stroked. Rich in tranquility, spirituality,
and architecture, this place is a must-visit for those seeking spiritual
More on Ranakpur Jain TempleHistory of Ranakpur Jain Temple
The rulers of the Mewar Dynasty had always
promoted Jainism. It was under the reign of Rana Kumbha, who was one of the
rulers of the Mewar Dynasty, this temple
was constructed. Seth Dharna Shah, who was a resident of Porwal from Ghanerao,
was the wealthiest and popular merchant during the rule of Maharaja Rana
Kumbha. He dreamt about
building this shrine and paying reverence to Lord Adinath and Lord
Rishabhanatha. He devised a blueprint of the holy place and discussed it with
was greatly impressed by the idea and the devotion and generously offered
support to the merchant to construct the temple by providing capital and land. Rana Kumbha agreed, but on the condition that
the shrine should be named after him. Consequently, the temple positioned on
the banks of the Maghai River came to be known as Ranakpur.
The temple was completed in 1458 and it was
undertaken by the architect named Deepaka. The time has been harsh on this
structure, however, timely renovation and repairs have preserved its historical
essence. Recently few ‘devakulikas’ and ‘mandaps’ have also been constructed in
the complex. The maintenance and administrative work of the temple is carried
by the Anandji Kalyanji Pedhi Trust.
Architecture of Ranakpur Jain Temple
The Ranakpur Jain Temple complex constitutes
several shrines namely the Parsavanath Temple, the Chaumukha Temple, the Surya
Temple, and the Amba Mata Temple. The primary shrine of the complex is the
Chaumukha Temple, which is a four-faced temple devoted to Lord Adinath, who is
the first Jain Tirthankara.
Occupying an area of about 48,000 sq. feet,
this shrine has 80 domes and 29 halls which is supported with 1,444 pillars.
The most interesting feature of this temple is the carvings on the pillars.
Intricate carvings of dancing goddesses are seen on the pillars and no two
pillars have similar carving.
There are four entrances in the temple that
lead to the central hall where the four-faced, ‘chaumukha’, statue of Lord
Adinath is installed. The four-faced statue of Lord Adinath symbolizes the
Tirthankara’s conquest of the four cardinal directions. You can witness a
precise geometric and scrollwork patterns on the ceilings. The brackets
connecting the top of the domes to the floor are adorned with figurines of gods
The architecture and stone carvings is
inspired by the ancient Mirpur Jain Temple that is situated at Mirpur region in
Rajasthan. The temple’s foundation is made of three levels so that several
pavilions can be accommodated on the base itself. There are also beautiful
towers near the pavilions. The prayer hall of the temple, also known as the
mandapa, comprises of two huge bells that weigh 108 kilograms each. The Temple
of Parsavanath is another temple that is worth visiting. The temple complex is
well-known for its etched windows that are adorned with Jain figures and is
also known as Patriyon Ka Mandir.
Tips for Visiting Ranakpur Jain Temple
Mobile phones and cameras are allowed inside the temple complex after
2. Only Jains are permitted to worship inside
the temple. The rest of the public is only allowed to watch the ritual and
How to Reach Ranakpur Jain Temple
The Ranakpur Jain Temple is situated on the
Girnar Hill, in close proximity to Sadri Town of Pali district of Ranakpur. The
temple is situated at a distance of 90 kilometers from the city of Udaipur. It
takes approximately four hours via road to reach the temple from Udaipur.