is a city in south-west Karnataka which is known for its diverse variety of
flora and fauna and mystical temples. It
has a rich cultural heritage as it has been a part of several great kingdoms
such as Mauryas, Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas, and Satavahanas. The word Shimoga has
various interpretations based on Indian mythological texts. It implies either
one of the following, ‘Face of Lord Shiva’, ‘Nose of Lord Shiva’, or ‘Shivanna
Mogge flowers that are offered to Lord Shiva’.
Shimoga is at its best. The city has the raw natural beauty in the form of
spectacular landscape, lush green forests, and beautiful waterfalls. You will
be fascinated by the splendid sites the city has to offer in terms of its
natural heritage. The city has been coined as the breadbasket and as well as
the rice bowl of Karnataka due to its flourishing paddy cultivation. It is also
endowed with four rivers namely Tungabhadra, Sharavathi, Varada, and
Kumudavath. These rivers are the reason for the lush greenery around the region.
The topography of Shimoga is characterized by hilly terrains with several
streams meandering through the dense jungles. Its pleasant weather and rich
natural heritage make it one of the best tourist destinations in India.
More on Shimoga (Shivamogga)
love hiking and exploring wild places, there is a lot you can do at Shimoga.
Here, the major tourist attraction is the Jog falls. It is the highest
waterfall in India and is a must-visit place. There are many trekking destinations
around Shimoga. You can trek to Kodachadri peak where you will be thrilled by
its picturesque landscape and exciting trek trails that lead into the deep
jungle. Furthermore, you can also opt for a trek in the Kudajadri hills and get
ready to be mesmerized by its raw beauty.
Sharavathi Nature trail offers you the option of canoeing, river
rafting, and kayaking. It has numerous waterfalls and is also regarded as an
history of Shimoga is as old as 2000 years. The fascinating thing about its
history is that the city has signs of prehistoric life and tradition that
existed during the Megalithic and Neolithic periods of the Iron Age. Remains of
prehistoric life have been discovered at Guddermadi which is situated two kilometers
away from the central city of Shimoga.
was established by Keladi rulers and it was said to be under the golden reign
of the ruler, Keladi Shivappa Nayak during 1600 AD. Later, Shimoga came under
the rule of several other dynasties such as Kadambas of Banvasi, Mauryas,
Chalukyas, Satavahanas, and Rashtrakutas.
remained a part of Mysore for sometime after it was conquered by Haider Ali.
Shimoga also has a significant place in the Indian Freedom Struggle. It was the
woman from the Hechche village situated in Shimoga who offered to partake in
the Satyagraha movement. Mahatma Gandhi also visited this place during the days
of the freedom struggle.
Shimoga has multiple interpretations based on Indian mythological texts. The
name has four interesting stories behind it and of these, three stories are
related to Lord Shiva. The name Shimoga is derived from colloquial usage of
words such as Shivani Moggu, meaning nose of Lord Shiva, Shiva-Mukha, meaning
the face of Lord Shiva, or Shivanna Mogge,
flowers which are offered to Lord Shiva.
fourth story is related to the famous sage named Durvavsa. He was known for his
high temper and he always kept a pot boiling with sweet herbs. One day, few
cowherds came up to him and called the pot as Sihi Moge meaning sweet pot. It
way in this manner the city was named Shimoga. However, the city is now
officially renamed as Shivamogga.
Art and Craft
and craft industry is abundantly found in Shimoga. Most of the craftwork is undertaken
by the Gudigar clan of craftsmen, who are also the inhabitants of Shimoga
village. They engage in sophisticated forms of craft-making and they specialize
in carving out complex and detailed figures on sandalwood. The State government
supervises the sale and purchase of such wood figurines and hence, it is
convenient for tourists to purchase this artwork.
addition to its rich history, Shimoga also has a wide spectrum of cultural
heritage. The city is also known as the cultural capital of Karnataka and the
local people are proud of their culture and tradition. The culture is a
composite of vibrant music, performing arts, and dance and it traces its origin
from the celebrations associated with victories of rulers of Shimoga and other
festivities of the past. Shimoga also has popular dance forms such as
Yakshangana and Dollu Kunitha. Furthermore, you can also take up dance classes
if you want to learn these dance forms or other forms of South Indian dance.
people here are harmonious and amiable. Apart from Kannada, English and Hindi
are two other widely spoken languages. A small segment of the Urdu-speaking
population is also present in Shimoga. The diversity in the culture of the city
is incomplete without festival celebrations. Dusshera is widely celebrated in
the region and during this occasion, the entire city is lightened up and fairs
and exhibitions are held across the capital. Other festivals such as Kodachadri
Vyabha, Palapushpa Pradarshana, etc. are also extensively celebrated.
Restaurants and Local Food in
attracts a lot of tourists throughout the year. Here, you will get the
opportunity to taste the unique flavor of South Indian cuisine. Dishes such as
Thambli, Paayasa, and Avalakki are popular in Shimoga.
hardly take one to two days to explore Shimoga. On the first day, you can start
by visiting the Sakrebyle Elephant camp early in the morning. Later in the
afternoon, you can visit the Mangadde bird sanctuary. Spend your evening by
going on a safari at the Tyavarekoppa Lion & Tiger sanctuary. At night, you
can enjoy the scrumptious South Indian food for dinner.
early the next morning and hike to Jog falls. You can also trek to nearby
places such as Kodachadri peak and Kudajadri hills. Do not miss out on the
opportunities of canoeing, river rafting, and kayaking in the Sharavathi Nature
trails. On your way back, you can visit the Shivappanaika Palace Museum and the